THE Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak in the northern parts of the country continues to escalate as the disease has spread to four more regions which include the Ohangwena, Oshana, Oshikoto, and Oshana regions.
In the Kavango East Region, the FMD was detected at the Ndiyona constituency at Hoha and Katere crush pens and Mashare constituency at Shighuru crush pen village.
In the Kavango West Region, the Kapako constituency at Sivara, Nkata, Kaguni, Gcugcuma, Musitu, Casa, and Mile 10 crush pens/villages were affected. In addition, the Tondoro constituency and Desi and Ekuli crush pens were also affected.
In the Ohangwena region, the Okongo constituency at Mbabi village is affected. In the Oshikoto region, the Olukonda constituency at Onamulunga crush pens is affected.
In the Oshana Region, the Okatjali constituency at Okadhikya crush pen is affected.
Dr. Albertina Shilongo, Chief Veterinary Officer, stated that in line with the Animal health act, act 1 of 2011, all 9 infected constituencies are declared infected areas, meanwhile, the Oshikoto, Ohangwena, Oshana, Omusati, and Kunene north regions including Tsumkwe in the Otjozondjupa region are declared as Disease Management Areas (DMAs).
As such, Dr. Shilongo said that vaccination of cattle in all northern regions is ongoing and farmers are urged to present all their cattle for vaccination whenever announced by veterinary services.
“FMD surveillance is continuing in all regions and the surveillance area of the FMD free zone. Farmers are urged to bring their cattle for inspection whenever announced by veterinary services,” Dr. Shilongo said.
Movement of live cattle into (except for direct slaughter) within and out of Kunene (north of Veterinary Cordon Fence), Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, and Ohangwena regions as well from Tsumkwe area is not allowed.
In the case of Kavango East and Kavango West regions, movement of live cattle, movement of live cattle into and out is still not allowed, however movement of cattle for direct slaughter within these two regions is allowed under several conditions, however, no animals will be allowed to move from infected crush pens or villages.
Movement of potentially infectious commodities out of the Disease management areas such as raw meat, unpasteurized milk, untreated hides and skins, unprocessed trophies from all cloven-hoofed animals, livestock fodder, uncooked wild spinach, and acacia pods is not permitted. In addition, a number of roadblocks have been set up at strategic points and patrol teams are deployed around and with the DMAS to enforce movement restriction.